All natural diamonds originate in mines before being transported to facilities for cutting and polishing.Retailers should
from mine to
market. From there, they are sent to wholesalers or retailers. At any point along the supply chain, it is easy for diamonds with questionable histories to be mixed into the diamond supply.
There is no global system providing reliable verification of a diamond’s ethical origins. Canadian diamonds are a rare exception. Canadian diamonds should be tracked as ethically-sourced with procedures consistent with those established by CanadaMark, the Government of Northwest Territories, and the Canadian Diamond Code of Conduct. Many Canadian diamonds are also laser-inscribed with tracking numbers for enhanced traceability.
Not all retailer guarantees are equally reliable. But retailers who understand their own supply chains, offer detailed information about their diamond sources, and provide a guarantee in written form are more likely to take their sourcing responsibilities seriously.
The Kimberley Process is the international diamond certification scheme relied on by most diamond retailers. Unfortunately, the Kimberley Process focuses exclusively on conflict diamonds – or diamonds that finance rebel groups – and does not provide a guarantee that a diamond has been ethically sourced. In addition, the Kimberley Process is vulnerable to fraud. Due to rampant smuggling, diamonds receiving Kimberley Process certification could have come from literally anywhere.
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